Privacy Issues Surrounding Biometric Technology

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center have provoked in-depth discussion and study of existing security measures, their deficiencies, and how to enhance security to prevent similar terrorist attacks from occurring in the future. Biometric technology has risen to the top of the list as a possible solution. The government is not the only entity exploring biometric security systems. The financial services industry see biometrics as a way to curb identity theft. Biometrics are intrinsic physical characteristics used to identify individuals. The most commonly used biometric is fingerprints but others include, handprints, facial features, iris & retinal scans, and voice recognition.

Soon after 9/11 there were calls for the issuance of national ID cards containing biometric information on an RFID chip implanted on the card. The argument is that national ID cards will increase security by identifying individuals with their unique fingerprints which are much more difficult to counterfeit than standard photo ID cards. There is also a movement toward biometric passports. It looks like biometric passports are coming soon. National ID cards may follow.

Biometric identification is nothing new. Humans have been identifying other humans biometrically since the beginning of time. You recognize people you know by their facial features, their voice, and other biometric features. What’s new is introducing technology into the mix that compares a given biometric with a stored database of biometrics to verify the identity of an individual. An individual place their finger on a fingerprint scanner and the image is compared with the database to verify the person’s identity. Promising as it is, biometric technology has not been without hiccups but biometrics are advancing quickly and becoming more and more prevalent in security systems.

Fingerprints are the most commonly used biometric identifiers. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted a study that showed single fingerprint biometric systems had a 98.6 percent accuracy rate. The accuracy rate rose to 99.6 percent when 2 fingerprints were used and an almost perfect 99.9 percent when 4 or more fingerprints were used. The study results show that biometric identification is nearly perfect which is not surprising given the uniqueness of human fingerprints.

The US-VISIT program, which is an acronym for United States Visitor & Immigrant Status Indicator Technology, currently requires foreign visitors to the US to present a biometric passport containing 2 fingerprints and a digital photo for identification purposes before being granted admission to the U.S. Of course the biometrics are compared against a vast network of government databases full of known and suspected terrorists and other criminals.

On the surface biometric technology may sound like a panacea but it’s use has raised significant privacy concerns that need to be addressed. Here are six major privacy concerns: storage, vulnerability, confidence, authenticity, linking, and ubiquity.

Critics wonder how the data will be stored and how vulnerable it will be to theft or abuse. Confidence issues center around the implications of false positives and false negatives. Can the biometric data be used to link to other information about the individual such as marital status, religion, employment status, etc.? And finally ubiquity. What are the implications of leaving electronic “bread crumbs” to mark a trail detailing every movement an individual makes?

Until these issues are addressed, privacy advocates will lead a charge to resist biometric technology claiming it as a way for the government to assume a “Big Brother” type of rule as described in George Orwell’s novel 1984. But protest as they may, it’s likely national security concerns and the ability of biometric systems to enhance the security of US border and possibly prevent another major terrorist attack will win out over privacy concerns.

Sports in Angola – Interesting Facts & Figures!

Road to London 2012!

Barcelona 1992

Did you know- Between July 25 and August 9, 1992, the Angolan Olympic Committee, sent 29 athletes to the Summer Games in Barcelona, Spain. The African nation competed in seven sports: basketball (11), boxing (1), roller hockey (11), judo (4), swimming (3), sailing (3), and track & field (6).

Basketball

Did you know- Basketball is very popular because basketball is a traditional sport with a long history in the African nation. Curiously, from the 1980s to the 2000s, Angola -a war-torn nation — boasted one of the best basketball teams in the Third World. By 1992, the Angolan squad came in 10th place, among 12 teams, in theMen’s Olympic Games Basketball Tournament in Barcelona (Spain). Eight years ago, they had won the silver medal in the Under-20 African Championship. By 1987, against all odds, Angola -a Portuguese-speaking republic located in southern Africa– won the gold medal in men’s basketball at the African Games in Nairobi (Kenya). Before 1987, the men’s basketball squad of Angola had placed 20th in the World Championships in Spain. In the Spanish city of Ferrol, the Africans were the most popular basketball players; there Angola had defeated Australia 74-69. In addition to this, the country -one of the least-developed states in Africa-finished 13th in the universal competition in South America in the early 1990s. By 1996, it placed 11th in the Games of the XXVI Olympiad in Atlanta, Georgia (US).

Football

Did you know- Angola’s first major international success came at the FIFA World Cup in 2006. During that global event, the men’s football squad came in 23rd place, between Croatia (Europe) and Tunisia (North Africa). The best players were Flavio da Silva Amado, Joao Ricardo Pereira dos Santos Batalha, and Fabrice Alcebiades Maieco, in that order.

Los Angeles 1984

Did you know- The Angolan Olympic Committee, under pressure from Cuba and the Soviet Union, boycotted the 1984 Summer Games in the Los Angeles, California, USA. Four years ago, Angola made its Olympic debut in the Games of the XXII Olympiad in Moscow, USSR (present-day Russia). On the other hand, Angola is one of the youngest members of the Olympic family.

Men’s Handball

Did you know- The men’s handball team came in 15th place at the Under-20 World Championships.

Sports

Did you know- The most popular sports are soccer, athletics, basketball, roller hockey, and handball.

Women’s Handball

Did you know- The national squad came in seventh place in women’s handball at the 1996 Summer Games in the United States of America. During that international event, Angola, under coach Alberto Junior’s tutelage, defeated America (host nation) 24-23. The country also qualified for the Sydney Olympics in 2000. By the 1990s, the women’s handball team from Angola competed in five world championships (1990, 1993, 1995, 1997, and 1999). At the 1997 World Cup, the national delegation placed 15th, ahead of Japan, South Korea, and Canada.

Picking Hairstyles For Your Quinceanera Or Wedding

Is not it insane how many options there are out there for you to do your hair? I mean where do you start. You want to look your best the day of your Quinceanera so you want to pick the right hairstyle. I feel your pain. But there are many sources available to you on your journey. So do not panic, relax and let's journey together towards picking the right quinceanera hairstyle.

Length of your hair

The style that you pick will depend on the length of your hair. So here are a couple of suggestions for short hair and for long hair.

Start by separating your hair into 3 low ponytails. Then pin down each of the ponytails into a bun, they should all look like they blend in together. Add some elegant barrettes and your set. Always use extra hairspray to arrange the loose ends.

The Curlier the Better

If you are going to have dams stand in your Quince you may want them to all have the same hairstyle. A traditional hairstyle is to get them to wear their hair curly especially if your hair will be straight. Personally you should go with a French twist, it's nice and elegant and the style looks great on film.

Stay away from half pony tails or random chongos. Get advice from other hairstylists in your area and make an appointment ahead of time. Also you may want to get your hair down as early as possible in case you do not like the style you have time to change it. Let me be the first to congratulate you on your Quinceanera hairstyle.

Affordable Auto Insurance – The Professional Advantage

There are professions that are more likely to get affordable auto insurance. Read through this article to see if yours is one of such professions. Where it's not, you can learn what makes those professions attract such discounts and then implement them. Over time you'll also reap the fruits of such adjustments. Lastly, I'll also show you how anyone (in spite of their profession) can lower their auto insurance premium.

Certain professions give attention to details more than others. In fact, it's the very basis for their success. You can, for example, be negligent as a book binder without endangering the lives of many. However, you can not be negligent as a pilot and not cause the death of hundreds or even thousands. Therefore, as part of their training, they're made to develop great attention to details.

Now, the thing about training is that once absorbed, it affects you even outside the very practice of your profession. That's what happens to these folks who've been trained to give attention to minute details. Furthermore, in the case of professionals like pilots, being safety conscious is so much a part of their daily routine that it has become second nature to them.

As if those were not enough, in these kinds of professions, your professional license could be designated if you're convinced of recklessness on the road. Therefore, these are very less likely to be involved in accidents. And, the lower the likelihood of a claim, the more affordable your auto insurance premium would be.

Now, even if you do not belong to such professions where your conduct on the road could impact your rise, you'll do well to have as if it will. Avoid those tickets. Like someone said, they cost you much more than the fines. Take your time to learn all you can to become a better driver (This includes taking courses in defensive driving). More than lowering your premium, you'll save yourself and others the pain of being involved in an accident.

Finally, whether you belong to these favored professions or not, you can get affordable auto insurance by shopping around. With the internet, all it will take is only a few minutes. Take your time to visit at least 3 quotes sites for affordable auto insurance. The very good ones will return about five quotes for you to make your comparison. I recommend that you visit at least three of such sites so you will ensure that you do not miss a quote from an insurance company not covered by any of the other auto insurance quotes sites.

Please (This is very important), make sure you input the same information in all the sites. If you vary the information you supply, you will not be able to get quotes that will lead you to very informed comparisons.